Mobile Application
React Native HID (Android only)

React Native HID (Android only)


In this section, you will see how to create a React Native application using the @ledgerhq/react-native-hid (opens in a new tab) (Only on Android). For this project some general prerequisites are mandatory and you can find them here.

Then you can now go through the prerequisite for Android development below.

One-time setup


Make sure you go through:

  1. the Development Prerequisites.
  2. the Mobile Environment Setup.

Environnement variables

If you are using bash, put the environment variable into the bash_profile as below:

cd ~/
touch ~/.bash_profile;
open -e .bash_profile
export ANDROID_HOME=$HOME/Library/Android/sdk
export PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_HOME/emulator
export PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_HOME/tools/bin
export PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_HOME/platform-tools

Do the same if you are using zsh or anything else. Remember the file will be named differently (eg. zsh => .zprofile)

App Coding

Now that we have set up the prerequisites, you can now create the application. In this integration, we will use the ethereum application.

App setup

First, open a terminal and create a new project. For this tutorial the project will be named “myAndroidHidApp”.


react-native init myAndroidHidApp
cd myAndroidHidApp

The dependencies of 'CocoaPods' may take some time to initialize.



touch App.js
touch polyfill.js

Open your folder in a code editor, it must look like this.

Folder of the Application
Fig. 4: Folder of the Application


In "polyfill.js", copy-paste the following code:

global.Buffer = require("buffer").Buffer;


Then import the "polyfill.js" in "index.js" as shown below:

 * @format
import "./polyfill";    //import this
import {AppRegistry} from 'react-native';
import App from './App';
import {name as appName} from './app.json';
AppRegistry.registerComponent(appName, () => App);


In App.js copy-paste the following code:

import React, { Component } from "react";
import { StyleSheet, Text, View } from "react-native";
import { listen } from "@ledgerhq/logs";
import TransportHID from "@ledgerhq/react-native-hid";
import AppEth from "@ledgerhq/hw-app-eth";
// This is helpful if you want to see BLE logs. (only to use in dev mode)
class App extends Component {
  state = {
    transport: null
  onSelectDevice = async () => {
    try {
      const transport = await TransportHID.create();
      listen(log => console.log(log));
      const eth = new AppEth(transport);
      const path = "44'/60'/0'/0/0"; // HD derivation path
      const { address } = await eth.getAddress(path, false);
      this.setState({ transport: address });
      await eth.getAddress(path, true);
    } catch (e) {
      throw new Error(e);
      return null;
  render() {
    const { transport } = this.state;
       return (
        <View style={styles.header}>
          <Text style={styles.headerTitle}>Scanning for Ledger...</Text>
          <Text style={styles.headerSubtitle} onPress={() => {this.onSelectDevice()}}>
            Power up your Ledger and enter your pin. Then tap the screen
      return (<View style={styles.header}>
        <Text style={styles.title}>Ledger Live Ethereum Account 1</Text>
        <Text style={styles.headerTitle}>
export default App;
const styles = StyleSheet.create({
  header: {
    paddingTop: 80,
    paddingBottom: 36,
    alignItems: "center"
  headerTitle: {
    fontSize: 22,
    marginBottom: 16
  headerSubtitle: {
    fontSize: 12,
    color: "#999"
  list: {
    flex: 1
  errorTitle: {
    color: "#c00",
    fontSize: 16,
    marginBottom: 16




npm install --save buffer
npm install --save @ledgerhq/logs
npm install --save @ledgerhq/hw-app-eth
npm install --save @ledgerhq/hw-transport-webusb
PackageWhat it does
buffer (opens in a new tab)The goal is to provide an API that is 100% identical to node's Buffer API.
@ledgerhq/logs (opens in a new tab)It helps you ask your Ledger device to access the ethereum address.
rxjs (opens in a new tab)It is a rewrite of "Reactive-Extensions/RxJS" and is the latest production-ready version of RxJS.
@ledgerhq/hw-app-eth (opens in a new tab)It helps you ask your Ledger device to access the ethereum address.
@ledgerhq/react-native-hid (opens in a new tab)It provides you with all the methods to interact with your Ledger with an HID connexion.


Now that the dependencies are installed you can find them in the “package.js”. This is how your “package.json” must look like.

  "name": "myAndroidHidApp",
  "version": "0.0.1",
  "private": true,
  "scripts": {
    "android": "react-native run-android",
    "ios": "react-native run-ios",
    "start": "react-native start",
    "test": "jest",
    "lint": "eslint ."
  "dependencies": {
    "@ledgerhq/hw-app-eth": "^6.15.2",
    "@ledgerhq/logs": "^6.10.0",
    "@ledgerhq/react-native-hid": "^6.11.2",
    "buffer": "^6.0.3",
    "react": "17.0.2",
    "react-native": "0.66.3"
  "devDependencies": {
    "@babel/core": "^7.16.0",
    "@babel/runtime": "^7.16.3",
    "@react-native-community/eslint-config": "^3.0.1",
    "babel-jest": "^27.3.1",
    "eslint": "^8.3.0",
    "jest": "^27.3.1",
    "metro-react-native-babel-preset": "^0.66.2",
    "react-test-renderer": "17.0.2"
  "jest": {
    "preset": "react-native"

Build.gradle Modification

In “build.gradle”, in the "android" folder change minSdkVersion = 21 to minSdkVersion = 24.

Build.gradle Modify the minSdkVersion Fig. 5: Build.gradle Modify the minSdkVersion

You can now test the application you have built.

App Launch

App testing is done on your smartphone because the Android Studio emulator cannot use Bluetooth or USB connexions.


Please refer to the information for Android Emulator Limitation (opens in a new tab).

Enable Developer Settings

To integrate an application on your Android smartphone you have to enable the developer role. To do that go to Settings > About Phone > Build Number, and tap 7 times on build number to enable the developer settings.

Then go to Settings > System > Advanced > Developer Options and enable the "USB debugging" as well as "Install via USB"

Connect your phone to your computer, and run the command below to check your device is connected:

adb devices

If all goes well, the list of devices is displayed as shown below:

Device Connected On The Machine
Fig. 6: Device Connected On The Machine

For more information about enabling the developer settings on your android device go to android studio docs (opens in a new tab).

Start the Development Server

You can now open a terminal, go to the "myAndroidHidApp" folder, and start the server by running:

npm start

Install the App on Device

Keep the terminal where "metro" is running open and open a new terminal. In this new terminal go to your app folder:

cd myAndroidHidApp

Run the command below to install the application on your android device. It assumes your smartphone is connected and your device is recognized by the command adb devices as mentioned in the Previous Step.

npm run android

A window will pop up on your android device to install the application. Click on "Yes" to install it and run it.

Launching the App

When launching the application it will be displayed as the image below.

Application Displayed on Smartphone
Fig. 7: Application Displayed on Smartphone

Plug Your Nano

Connect your Ledger Nano to your android device, unlock it and open the ethereum application. The steps are described below.

Nano Enter Code Pin
Fig. 8: Nano Enter Code Pin

Embedded Application
Fig. 9: Embedded Application

Nano Run Application
Fig. 10: Nano Run Application

Now that the two devices are connected, the address will be displayed as shown below:

Address Account Displayed on Smartphone
Fig. 11: Address Account Displayed on Smartphone

Congratulations you have successfully built your first Android HID application connected to your Ledger!

Copyright © Ledger SAS. All rights reserved. Ledger, Ledger Nano S, Ledger Vault, Bolos are registered trademarks of Ledger SAS